I've seen the previously-asked questions about the effectiveness of multiple choice problems, but I want to know about design. What are best practices in multiple choice problem design? The "common" understanding I've come to is based on perennial complaints -- "hard to write well"; "punishes students for small mistakes (like sign errors)"; "great when well-written"
Do you know of studies related to the design of questions so they address particular outcomes/skills, particularly in mathematics? Is there a manual on the topic?
Back Story: Our department has decided to face an impending assessment edict by trying a new thing: common multiple-choice section on all final exams. Therefore, limit suggestions to either general theory on writing MC questions, or resources somehow focusing on writing MC in summative (not formative) assessments.