Most discussions about teaching often assume that the learning outcome is the important variable (compare evaluations, discussions about clickers, discussions about syllabi, etc.).
However, I find that there are teaching methods that I would not employ for either long-term or even ethical reasons. For an extreme example, let me point to the novel "The Wave" where the effective discipline would probably improve learning outcomes for many types of content but has certainly unethical implications and would hinder goals that are less easy to measure. For another example, on the recent thread on clickers, someone commented that they would not want to use clickers to remove peer-pressure because at some point, students have to learn to deal with peer-pressure, anyway.
Do you know any books or other resources that offer an analysis or a terminology for this problem?
I am only aware of people trying to make the more ephemeral goals (like "critical thinking") also measurable which might be quite hard for "maturity" and similar things. However, in a discussion it might already be helpful to be able to point to some studies on this issue that teaching focussed on measurable short-term goals does not provide the best long-term outcomes.