I am thinking of taking up a position at a liberal art college. I have taught mathematics at large public universities but I have no idea what is it like to work at a liberal art colleges. So what are things I should know about teaching mathematics at a liberal art college? Can you recommend some resources to read so I may be better prepared for this new job?
Let me reply as someone who left a university in favor of a Liberal Arts College (LAC). Although @AlexanderWoo's point is valid, my experience supports the following:
At a LAC, the walls between the departmental silos are lower, enabling relatively easy cross-disciplanary collaborations.
At a LAC with a strong faculty-governance tradition, you can play an all-college role that is almost impossible to achieve at a university.
If you are passionate about teaching, it is uplifting to work at an institution that prioritizes and rewards teaching.
I've found the engagement with students much more direct: There is less separation between students and faculty.
The best students at a LAC are comparable to the best students at a university. So one can still research-collaborate with the top students.
The scholarship that counts for tenure is more varied than at a university. For example, writing a textbook could gain you tenure at a LAC, but rarely at a university.
To counter-balance the above with two negative points:
It rarely possible to remain active at the research-frontier of a popular math subdiscipline. You might need to adjust your research agenda toward less-traveled paths, and less-dependent on graduate students.
The Univ$\to$LAC transition is nearly irreversible. It would not be easy to move from a LAC to a university later in your career.