Many selective STEM-focused colleges/universities require calculus as part of the general education requirements, meaning that their overall dropout rate would place an upper bound on their calculus-specific dropout rate.
For instance, MIT requires 2 semesters of calculus as a general education requirement and has a graduation rate around 95%, meaning that no more that 5% of students drop out of calculus there. (In reality, it's probably far lower than 5%.)
I believe this answers the specific question that you asked:
Is there any university or college in any country where failure and dropout rates in Calculus are not so high?
Though, there are obviously some caveats relevant to the general spirit of the question:
- Students entering selective STEM universities are more likely to have more previous experience, intrinsic enjoyment, and natural ability, in math.
- Using graduation rates as a proxy metric will ignore cases where students drop the course and successfully reattempt it later.