I understand that the question in the title, and of course, the longer version of the question (below) is too broad and subject to being closed.
Will the low-achieving children always be there, is it their fault or the education systems fault?
Fortunately, neither of them is the question that I am directly interested in! Here is the story. I am working with a group of first year mathematics students in a course that is somehow about mathematics education. As part of their assessment, they have to write a short essay on a problem that they are personally interested in finding an answer for. One of the students came up with the question above. I realize that it is too hard for a short essay over a short time. But, I am so intrigued by the question that I've decided to find a way to help her to delimit the question and does something about it. That is why I am here, to get help to make the question approachable. To keep answers "closed to discussion" please just give the following:
The angle(s) that the question can be approached from + some good resources (papers, books, etc) related to the angle(s) you suggest
Please feel free to add tag. If I knew which tag to use for this question, I would have advised her already!