# Questions tagged [integration]

For questions related to the teaching of integral calculus

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### Should we avoid indefinite integrals?

I am very uncomfortable with indefinite integrals, as I have a hard time giving them a precise sense that matches the way they are written and the usual meaning of other symbols. For example, when ...
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### What is a good way to explain the Lebesgue integral to non-math majors?

A few days ago I had my last discussion session on probability theory as a TA. In the end I asked students to ask me questions as this is the last class. One of the student asked me about the (real) ...
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### Should we teach trigonometric substitution?

This is the question that was not asked here. Also related is this question, but both presuppose that it will be taught and ask about how best to do it. My question here is, suppose we are designing ...
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### How to give homework for integration techniques?

When I was a freshman in Mathematics we learned the usual integration techniques (lots of standard integrals, integration by parts, substitution, partial fractions,…). As homework we simple got a ...
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### Non-Rigorous Use of Differentials

Consider the following example of working "directly" with differentials. One way to approach the problem of determining the arc length of the graph of a single-variable function is to imagine the arc ...
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### Introducing the Lebesgue integral before Riemann's

Has anyone attempted to introduce, or has data on such endeavor, Lebesgue integration before Riemann? I've seen many discussions about how the Riemann integral is obsolete and that it is presented ...
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### A different symbol for the indefinite integral/antiderivative?

Examples. An indefinite integral (or antiderivative) of $\cos$ is $\sin$: $$\int \cos = \sin.$$ Edit: There has been much unexpected confusion with the above statement. I define the above statement ...
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### Integral calculus from the modern viewpoint

This is a soft question. What is the purpose of teaching techniques of integration at the college level? More specifically, in the sense of putting integration into practice, what value does ...
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### Tables of primitives with indication of solution method

I am looking for an extensive source (often called "table of integrals") listing primitives of various classes of functions including the "elementary" ones (rational functions, functions involving ...
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### Alternative ways of thinking about the one-variable Riemann integral for elementary calculus,

I think I've done a decent job with teaching my students limits and derivatives so far in elementary calculus -- they were particularly intrigued with how easy and how accurate a first-order, linear ...
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### Intuition or geometry for Partial Fractions

When teaching partial fractions, there's probably no way to escape the heavy algebra necessary for partial fractions, but I'm wondering how to introduce the idea in a way that is intuitive or ...
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### Demonstrating that integrals of some unbounded functions exist, and others do not

This is my first year teaching calculus. On a recent quiz, I asked my students to give an argument that $\int^0_1(1/x)dx$ does not exist. I was looking for arguments that appealed to Riemann sum ...
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### Would it be constructive to teach a whole course on how to evaluate certain hard integrals?

For example, there is an integration bee and lots of youtube videos tackling hard or impossible integrals with just tools of Calculus I & II. However, a lot of these integrals found on youtube ...
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### The hardest case of integration by partial fractions

The context is explaining to calculus students how to integrate rational functions by using partial fractions decomposition. As we all know, partial fractions decomposition is a method to write every ...
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### Using discrete examples in the beginning of integration

In Germany, one usual example to start teaching about integrals is to look at a simple (piecewise constant or with constant slope) functions that make up a water flow vs. time diagram and ask about ...
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### Good Examples of Equations Derived from Elementary Calculus

I'm collecting additional enrichment content for my calculus students. I'm looking for examples of equations that are used in various fields, but which can be derived at least somewhat ...
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### Why can an easily graphable definite integral, be labyrinthine to evaluate?

How can I explain to 16-year-olds, who just started calculus, why it's so nettlesome and tricky to symbolically integrate definite integrals, when their graphs look so unremarkable and straightforward?...
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### Student forgets to remove dx after integrating

I am tutoring another US college student in a Calculus 1 class. Initially, she was having trouble with basic concepts, but after much prodding most of the conceptual difficulties seem to have been ...
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### The purpose of a particular rational function integration exercise

This might be a more appropriate question for math.stackexchange, but it's about a problem I'm considering giving my students, so here it goes. One of the later exercises in Section 7.4 of James ...
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### How do i deal with students who make these mistakes? [closed]

I came across some interesting mistakes in many area of mathematics with my students and do not let me also to tell you for university students level, I would like to know How do i deal with ...
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### How useful/useless is the indefinite integral [duplicate]

After having met yet another person confused by indefinite integrals today, I've finally decided to ask the community. Do you think it makes sense to teach indefinite integrals? My opinion is that ...
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### Analogy for cylindrical shells

The analogy for cross-sections is easy since we can think of how slices of bread can make up a loaf. But what would be the analogy for cylindrical shells? Regarding shapes, apparently there's ...
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### Retain problems and combat regression in learning

Regressive Learning It's a really stressful situation. I can achieve but not retain expertise in maths problems. History 6 months back, I studied integration in Calculus at college. I learnt it all ...
When we study double integral many Calculus textbooks state that for a region $R$ in the plane $$\iint_R1\ dA= \text{area bounded by }R$$ But double integral actually give the volume of a solid. ...