# Questions tagged [middle-school]

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### How to motivate $x^n−y^n ≡ (x−y)(x^{n−1}+x^{n−2}y+...+xy^{n−2}+y^{n−1})$, to 13 year olds?

You can safely presuppose that 13 year old (y.o.) students learned the Difference of Squares and of Cubes identities, before tackling this Difference of Powers Identity ($x^n – y^n$). The glut of ...
283 views

### How to explain why we can’t factor $x^n + y^n$ for all natural numbers n, to 13 year olds?

Michael Spivak, Calculus (4th edn 2008), p 13. I know this monograph is aimed at undergraduates (not middle schoolers), but this kind of multiple-part question resurfaces on standardized tests for 13 ...
116 views

### Does the "Middle School Mathematics domains" refer to (I) through (V) topics?

Does the "Middle School Mathematics domains" on page 3 of https://www.ets.org/content/dam/ets-org/pdfs/praxis/5164.pdf refer to the the following 5 topics/categories? (I) Numbers and ...
3k views

### Do any middle-school texts indicate that irrationality requires proof?

I believe that most middle-school math curricula have at least a brief section about irrational numbers, in which students are taught (among other things) that $\sqrt{2}$ is irrational and $\pi$ is ...
184 views

### Resources for teaching decimal numbers

I am currently teaching special classes to students whose ages range from 11 to 15 and there is quite a wide spectrum in their levels of maths. The lessons are given in English and we do not have a ...
1k views

### Law of large numbers as a middle school topic?

My daughter (a biologist) is presently teaching also math at a middle school (9th grade, so about 14 years olds). Now the topic in probability seems to be the law of large numbers! More and more I ...
508 views

### Why do we explicitly state the equality of two things when we know they're equal

Recently my brother in high school and I were talking about some math when he said If we know two things are the same i.e. equal why do we need to state that they're the same? What he was trying to ...
508 views

### Help needed to find 7th & 8th grade completed math samples

I am trying to find samples of completed homework, class work and tests for 7th and 8th grade math in the US. I can find a million blank workbooks but not copies that students have completed with ...
926 views

### What value is there in requiring students to declare the dimensions of an answer when it is already clear from context?

When I was in late primary and middle school (east coast US, early 1990's), we were assigned a lot of word problems of the following general form: Mary has eight self-sealing stem bolts. She sells ...
215 views

### Middle school math games for the parking lot

I'm looking for math games that a group of students in grades 5 to 10 (ages 11 to 15, say) could play in a gym or parking lot. My school has a STEM Day each year and I get tasked with cooking up some ...
257 views

### Word problems written in past tense, present tense, or future tense

Does anyone have extensive classroom experience regarding the best verb tense to use when writing word problems at an elementary or middle school level? I have been writing some lessons recently and I ...
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### How to Write Steps of Solving Equations?

This is a common way to write the steps during solving equations: But in GeoGebra the steps are shown this way (the highlighted part): I'm going to use GeoGebra to teach equations. Is it OK to let ...
3k views

### Exponents with Negative Base; with or without Parentheses

How can I convincingly and mathematically explain the reason behind difference between $(-1)^2$ and $-1^2$? I used to add "negation" to the order of operations, in the same row as multiplication and ...
331 views

### Might it be helpful for students to have different symbols for subtraction (-) and negation ( _ )?

Might it be helpful for students to have two different symbols for subtraction (-) and negation ( _ )? Subtraction, after all is a binary operation (with 2 operands). Negation is a unary operation (...
391 views

### "Seeing" GCD and LCM in Word Problems

Last year, I taught GCD and LCM and then gave my students word problem relating to these concepts ("Two runners with given different speeds; when will they meet again?", "Having three kinds of flowers ...
406 views

### Am I too formal teaching this middle school student?

Solve for $x$ the equation below, writing the universe set and the solution set: $$\frac{a}{b}+\frac{b}{a}-\bigg(\frac{a^2}{bx}+\frac{b^2}{ax}\bigg)=1$$ Let's choose $U=\{x\in \mathbb R;x\neq 0\}$ as ...
436 views

### how to prove my 6th grade son knows algebra 1?

My son is taking pre-algebra in 6th grade. He mastered algebra 1 in detail more than what school can teach. How to prove to school that he mastered Algebra 1? He wants to start Algebra 2 in 7th grade. ...