Questions tagged [primary-education]

For questions about the mathematical education in the first years in school (ages approx. 5-10).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
16
votes
9answers
3k views

What is the rationale for distinguishing between proper and improper fractions?

I cannot recall ever hearing the terms "improper fraction" and "proper fraction" outside of an elementary and middle school setting. At some point in my mathematics education ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

How to encourage grade 5 kid very interested in mathematics?

My son is in Class or Grade 5 in India. he really likes mathematics. Apart from school work, he does ixl.com, website dedicated for math exercises of his class. he does those exercises relatively ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

What do kids(6-15) need to know in Math to be able to understand Math easily and effectively?

I teach kids in a village and I was wondering if there is a list of Facts, Procedures, things, a kid 6-15 years of age should know to be able to easily understand things at his/her level of Math. ...
2
votes
2answers
666 views

Preparing elementary teachers for the praxis exam

I'm teaching a class called "Math for Elementary Teachers." The main goal of the course is to prepare the prospective teachers for an exam that I believe is called "Praxis" (some ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Creating best hand on activities on how to teach equal sharing with fractions in grade 3

(a) How to enhance learners interest in learning equal sharing with fractions in grade 3? (b) Which effective activities will be used to help learners in learning fractions? (c) What can be created to ...
5
votes
2answers
267 views

Is there an equivalent for "tiervenner" in English or other languages?

In Norway a widely used concept is that of "tiervenner", "ten friends" (my translation to Finnish is "kymppikaverit"). This simply means numbers (implicitly positive ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Reference request: an introduction to triangular, square, and other figurate numbers

There are dozens (maybe thousands) of websites that explain what triangular numbers, square numbers, etc. are. I'm searching for a printed book that includes this material, preferably at a level that ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

Teaching words with multiple meanings in Mathematics and English

We want to teach about words that have multiple meanings, in mathematics and English for middle school children (e.g., function, root, or, volume, angle, constant). This is for students who are ...
4
votes
5answers
313 views

Is it a good idea for elementary school students to observe and discover the "circle perimeter formula" themselves without being dictated to?

Let them discover $\;\ell=2\pi R\;$ by their own, at least the invariance of $\ell/R$ Do you think that the following method works well in a mathematics class of elementary school? What do you think ...
21
votes
9answers
4k views

Why do we introduce the notion that triangles are "congruent" instead of just saying that they are "the same" or "equal"?

The assumed age of the students is 10-15 years old. What is the danger in saying that two triangles are "the same" or "equal" instead of saying that they are congruent? It seems to ...
13
votes
11answers
6k views

What can (and should) an educator do about ambiguous terms like "triangle", "square", etc?

The imagined students are in elementary school, say around 9-13 years old. I want to use rather precise terminology when talking to my students. However, it seems like we typically use the same ...
2
votes
3answers
193 views

What are strategies that a 10-13 year old could use to convert 6/27 into decimal notation?

Background: I am working with 10-13 year olds. I saw a problem which requires the students to convert $6/27$ into decimal notation. I can think of some methods, but I have not tested using any of the ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

What does research indicate about how one should treat units in elementary school?

Background: My friend told me that when she was in elementary school, the teacher would ask questions like "If you have $6$ apples and eat $2$ of them, how many apples do you have left?" A ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Looking for an educational game from long ago, possibly called Mother Goose [closed]

OK so this is really old school. Back in the 1980s, as a latchkey kid, I played on the computers in the library in elementary and middle school. There was this one bizarre educational game that I'd ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

How many of "The Seven Laws of Teaching" are still relevant for teaching maths today?

Wikipedia shows that in 1886 John Milton Gregory outlined his "The Seven Laws of Teaching"; asserting that a teacher should: Know thoroughly and familiarly the lesson you wish to teach; ...
-1
votes
2answers
168 views

What research has been done on the effects of requiring students to learn to count in an alternative number base such a binary or base eight? [closed]

What research has been done on the effects of requiring students to learn to count and do some easy arithmetic in an alternative number base, for example binary, base four, base six, base eight, base ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Which works better for learning 6 * 7 = 42: saying "six sevens are forty-two", or "six times seven equals forty-two"?

When memorizing and recalling the times table, I learned to say "six sevens are forty-two", and always wondered what it would be like to learn to say "six times seven equals forty-two&...
28
votes
1answer
5k views

Which product of single digits do children usually get wrong?

(I was inspired by the comments in this answer to ask this question.) I have some multiplication table cards from Kumon that have a list of commonly mistaken multiplications: $7\times 8, 4\times 8, 11\...
56
votes
15answers
7k views

Is there a virtue to learning how to compute by hand?

I have been professionally tutoring a wide range of students (from elementary school through graduate school) for many years. Most of them are from the United States. I generally focus on helping my ...
2
votes
0answers
171 views

Why students do not notice sign of plus/minus?

My child in grade 3 often needs a reminder because in a task where he needs to do addition he would subtract instead of adding or v.v ignoring the signs given in a task. He would also forget adding ...
5
votes
1answer
198 views

Sensible amount of repetition 7 year old

We are now in lock-down, so while homeschooling my son I get to se exactly what he does for math. He has been getting a huge amount of repetitive practicing of really simple math, despite being quite ...
23
votes
23answers
5k views

How can I explain why we need proofs to someone who has no experience in mathematical thinking?

I know someone I really like, but sadly, that person has absolutely no experience in math or mathematical thinking above third grade mathematics (+, - are fine, but division already makes problems). ...
0
votes
4answers
333 views

Defining mathematics to primary/elementary school teachers

I'm looking for a simple way to define mathematics to primary/elementary school teachers and explain some of the confusion children have. I'm hoping some Algebraist could help me properly state the ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

What notation do they use for mathematical expressions in Polish schools?

I thought of something like Polish notation all by myself and asked the question https://cs.stackexchange.com/questions/111067/could-we-define-the-decimal-notation-of-a-natural-number-as-a-series-of-...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Resources for Unit Rates

I am currently mentoring my little brother in mathematics. There is an issue with the pedagogy of unit rates. For example when given the following concept " 11.00 U.S. Dollars to 20 Planet X ...
3
votes
2answers
581 views

Teaching Mathematics to a Younger Sibling

I always wanted to teach my siblings mathematics, and one, ten years of age, is particularly eager. For the purposes of specializing recommendations, I will add he can use arithmetic up to ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Mental visualisation ability test for each age?

What are standard tests for mental visualization (image, representation) for kids? So far I know about mental arithmetics and spatial rotation tests. Is there any other way to check mental vision ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

Is there an arithmetic book similar to “Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons” by Siegfried Engelmann?

I have found Engelmann’s book (mentioned in subject) to be extremely effective. Is there an equivalent to this book for teaching Arithmetic? I believe the overall approach or method is called Direct ...
53
votes
4answers
5k views

Future educators writing nonsense questions

I teach future elementary educators mathematics content courses. We play a lot in class with tasks like "Write a variety of word problems which would require the student to multiply 2.3 by 1.4&...
2
votes
4answers
465 views

At what age are most children able to convert between rational fractions and decimals?

At what age are most children able/taught to convert between rational fractions and decimals? For example Convert 0.25 to a fraction consisting only of whole numbers. What is 3/4 expressed in ...
6
votes
5answers
458 views

Concrete way to teach addition and subtraction of fractions

I am teaching 4th-grade kids. The topic is Fraction. Basic understanding of a fraction as a part of the whole and as part of the collection is clear to the kids. Several concrete ways exist to teach ...
6
votes
4answers
251 views

What are other strategies for a 7 year old for addition and subtraction besides counting fingers?

We recently received feedback from our 7 year old daugther's school teacher. One of the things mentioned was that our daughter still counts her fingers when she does addition and subtraction. The ...
4
votes
2answers
138 views

Teaching Approach at primary, middle and higher level

I would like to have a comparison or a big picture of how and why the approach for teaching math varies from primary (or pre primary) to middle to higher classes. I understand at every level one ...
5
votes
2answers
315 views

Have there been attempts to base early math education on category theory?

The New Math curriculum built math eduction on set theory. Have there been any attempts to do something similar with category theory? I was fortunate to grow up in a relatively enlightened ...
15
votes
8answers
5k views

Fun set theory for kids

Are there some fun results in set theory to set as landmarks while introducing to kids? For example, while introducing graph theory to kids, I could explain isomorphism via a pentagon and pentagram, ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

The spatial thinking course for primary school - what to use?

We're planning to run the project for first two grades of the elementary school kids, in which we want to facilitate the spatial thinking development along with the regular arithmetic course and make ...
3
votes
2answers
410 views

How actually are prime numbers taught in elementary school in United States and how easily do students learn what they're being taught about them?

I read the question https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1593091/how-to-explain-why-study-prime-numbers-to-5th-graders and according to the body of the question, some students sigh. Also according ...
6
votes
3answers
435 views

Is there a numerical base that is in any way “better” for simple mathematical calculations than others?

I want to know if there are any numerical bases that are notably well-suited for humans to learn and use at an elementary or grade-school level. I know that different numerical bases (i.e. decimal/...
10
votes
6answers
6k views

Is short division taught these days and if not, why not?

tl;dr I'm interested in opinions on short division. Below I discuss my experience dealing with young children and long division versus short division. For those that don't know of it, wikiHow has a ...
9
votes
1answer
229 views

Equality as "makes" vs equality as "equals"

A problem I often encounter while introducing students to equations is that of changing the conceptual image of the equation symbol $=$ from "results to" to "is equal to". To be more precise: In the ...
6
votes
3answers
221 views

Are there standard notations for 'number talks' / ‘math talks?'

I’m a homeschool teacher of a nine-year-old, and we sometimes have one-on-one ‘number talks’ (a.k.a. 'math talks') similar to the activity used in primary school classrooms. Part of this process ...
4
votes
2answers
181 views

Resources for Learning Multiplication Facts

A recent question (@Namaste) made me realize that it would be good to pull together the best resources for learning the multiplication facts. When seen as a rote memory task, this can turn students ...
10
votes
7answers
6k views

Is this primarily a "rote computational trick" for multiplication by 9?

I tried uploading a gif, but was unable to do so. What I can do, is share a link to the gif here. (SE software seems to have allowed me to share the link, but not upload it.) What it shows, ...
6
votes
3answers
377 views

How do I convince my teachers that a book on maths must focus on conceptual understanding?

I am a senior teacher at this school. We have to select the textbooks for the upcoming session. I am proposing that we have to select books (in maths) that focus more on conceptual understanding and ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

How to address opportunities for improvement with a teacher

My daughter’s 5th grade teacher gives some pretty impossible questions and I don’t think she understands the material she’s teaching. For example, this question has no context from previous questions ...
22
votes
15answers
6k views

Explaining why (or whether) zero and one are prime, composite or neither to younger children

There are lots of discussions out there about whether $1$ is a prime number (such as this one) and even about zero (such as this question, though note zero does generate a prime ideal in $\mathbb{Z}$ ...
6
votes
8answers
2k views

Adding things to bunches of things vs multiplication

"Suppose you bought four boxes of pencils having five pencils in each, how many pencils do you have altogether?" — "Nine." — "How come?" — "Because 4 plus 5 is 9." — "But you cannot add boxes to ...
5
votes
6answers
443 views

What’s better: number bonds, or addition tables?

I’ve been teaching my kids addition tables (1+3=4, 2+3=5, 3+3=6, etc.) I only just found out about number bonds (1+4=5, 2+3=5, 4+1=5). This seems a better method because it’s mastering all the ...
5
votes
1answer
221 views

Corequisite remediation for "Mathematics for Future Elementary Teachers"

My university is eliminating its developmental math courses, and moving to a system using corequisite remediation. I am trying to develop a coreq for the first course in our "Mathematics for ...
4
votes
5answers
4k views

Are soroban (Japanese abacus) classes worth doing?

The companies that run these expensive abacus programs for children claim it has all kinds of benefits for their mathematics abilities and speed. Apparently it starts with a child learning the ...