# Questions tagged [reference-request]

A reference request is a request to be provided with (links to) documentation, official papers, and specs related to one or more specific algorithms or mathematical procedures, to provide a trusted base for what's being said or written.

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### Pros and cons of randomised question generation

I am developing an assessment piece where the content is the same but the particular numbers are different for each student. It involves finding Triangle Centers given points using coordinate geometry....
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### Best practices in teaching math to future elementary teachers

This question is about references in current best practices in teaching math to future elementary teachers at a university level. I am asking it because I do not see any question so far on this site ...
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1 vote
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### Roadmap to studying PDEs for analyzing Quantum Physics better

I am studying the basics of Quantum Physics (involving the characteristics of Schrodinger's Wave equation without actually analyzing it rigorously mathematically) this semester. I was wondering, ...
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### Is the education system in Finland particularly good?

Inspired by this question: What makes education in Finland so good? Finland has marketed itself as a top country in education. Indeed, at some time, the Pisa results in Finland were quite good. ...
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### What books properly address the properties of $a^b$?

Many students think $\sqrt{a} \sqrt{b}=\sqrt{a\ b}$ $\sqrt{a^2}=a$ $\frac{1}{\sqrt{a}}=\sqrt{\frac{1}{a}}$ but none of the above are true when (a) and (b) are negative. To avoid such problems, ...
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### Are questions on overlapping solids of revolutions without prior definitions and instructions fair given that there are divided interpretations?

If words of command are not clear and distinct, if orders are not thoroughly understood, the general is to blame. But if his orders are clear, and the soldiers nevertheless disobey, then it is the ...
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### Midterm in Mathematics Courses

Can someone point me to papers indicating whether or not a midterm is an important part of a course? I suspect I can find many 'experiential anecdotes' that midterms are good/bad/moot but I would ...
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### Studies about group tutoring sessions

I’m not sure if this question belongs here, so I apologize if it doesn’t. I work in a tutoring center at my university where we tutor every subject. Mathematics is in high demand, and occasionally my ...
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### Published papers for Intro Stat students to read

I am looking for studies and experiments in the literature that I can share with undergraduate students in an intro statistics course. I do not expect students to understand everything, and I plan to ...
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### What effect does giving numerical or written grades have on learning?

When I was in school, pupils were given numerical grades, or the equivalent of numerical grades but disguised as words, on their performance in various school subjects and also behaviour. A key ...
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### "Indicated Arithmetic" or "Delayed Evaluation"

In the recent past, I've come across a pedagogical strategy for teaching/learning algebra that is sometimes called "Indicated Arithmetic" or "Delayed Evaluation". However, I've been unable to find any ...
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### "Always/Sometimes/Never" vs. "True/False" questions for mathematical reasoning

Has anyone performed a study on the differences between student interpretations of these words? Background: When I taught high school geometry and later undergraduate precalculus, I noticed that ...
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### Flow diagrams and summarizing strategies in proof-computation courses: good or bad for learning? Unsuitable for Inquiry-based learning?

For concreteness lets keep our discussion to calculus courses where there is a balance of proof and computations (computing limits but also doing epsilon-delta proofs) I can understand that in more ...
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### Books similar to "Teaching Developmentally", but for high school math

I've been extremely excited by my reading of the book Elementary and Middle School Mathematics: Teaching Developmentally by Johan A. Van de Walle et al. Does anyone know of similar books (or other ...
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### What is an intercept?

I have always taught my students that the $y$-intercept of a line is the $y$-coordinate of the point of intersection of a line with the $y$-axis, that is, for the line given by the equation $y=mx+y_0$,...
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### Reference for study about good teachers in a US state

Several years ago I have read about a study in a US state where standard test scores were used to identify teachers whose students consistently improved far above the average and then film and analyse ...
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### Tables of primitives with indication of solution method

I am looking for an extensive source (often called "table of integrals") listing primitives of various classes of functions including the "elementary" ones (rational functions, functions involving ...
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### Recommend a vector calculus textbook/resource with an algebraic geometry flavor

Is there a resource or textbook that presents the basics of vector calculus, specifically the gradient, directional derivatives, curves and surfaces, and extrema, from a more algebraic geometry ...
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### Textbooks explicitly showing the injections for the sum of sets

Asking for methods to produce the sum of natural numbers from the disjoint union of sets, it seems that the obvious way is to use the general definition, as coproduct, of the sum of sets. The accepted ...
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### Are kindergartners supposed to be steered from squares being rectangles?

Question 1: What are the literature, status, debates, references, etc regarding this matter please? Apparently, some (woohoo weasel words!) consider that squares are rectangles too advanced a topic ...
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### Resources on solving systems of polynomial equations in multivariable calculus setting

Whenever I teach multivariable calculus I find students really struggle with both finding critical points and the method of Lagrange multipliers. I think that the reason is the same: solving systems ...
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### Why is polynomial factorization over the integers part of secondary school curricula?

By "polynomial factorization over the integers", I mean problems and solutions like the following: Problem: Find a factorization into irreducible polynomials for $24x^2 +x - 10$ and ...
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### Which book to use concurrently with each of these mathematics texts?

I'm in search of a good book that I can read --- and recommend to my proteges to read --- along with each one of the following books. Topology by James R. Munkres, 2nd edition Introductory ...
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Are there any good pedagogical resources or articles that you would recommend to math graduate student teaching assistants (TAs)? Is there any sweeping advice that you would give a TA to improve their ...
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### Adding one to numbers bigger than ten

If someone asks you Tell me the next number (add one) after the number one million two hundred thirty-one thousand ninety-nine, do you known if it is a common error that the first number that ...
244 views

### Which book has functions and their respective graphs? [closed]

I am looking for a book, which has different many different types of functions and their graphs (like, Weierstrass function, Takagi function).
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### Is there any high school level summer program that teaches Analysis?

All summer programs I know for high-school students focuses on number theory, combinatorics, graph theory, logic, and all kinds of topics in discrete mathematics. (I am mainly interested in UK, US, ...
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### Experimental results about the variability of grades on a math exam

"[Myth] that exams are objectively graded. Daniel Stark and Edward Elliot sent two English essays to 200 high school teachers for grading. They got back 142 grades. For one paper, the grades ranged ...
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### Is there a class curriculum that studies the work of a mathematician?

Are there classes dedicated to understanding the work of a particular mathematician? I have seen courses dedicated to a theorem (I saw for example one that sought to prove and understand the Atiyah-...
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I am looking for resources that have tasks such as the one below that encourage argumentation. I want tasks that 8th graders could do but would also be appropriate for high school students. I want to ...
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### What is known about discrimination and difficulty in test questions?

I am interested in looking at any design resources or "guiding principles" on the distribution of different types of question difficulties on evaluative examinations. We can use Item Response Theory ...
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### Material on tutoring university level math classes

Can anyone recommend online or printed sources on anything related to teaching university level math tutorials (that accompany a lecture course taught by someone more senior, but I'd also be happy ...
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### Where can I find primary sources from the New Math movement in the 60s?

I'm interested in learning about the New Math movement from a historical perspective. I've located some secondary sources about the topic, mainly parodies, highly critical restrospective articles, or ...
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### Reference or term for connected sage-on-the-stage?

I heard that there is evidence that a "connected sage-on-the-stage" teaching style is at least as effective as guide-on-the-side / flipped classrooms. I have been unable to find significant references ...
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### Research on how to teach math to children - what proven approaches are there to teaching math effectively? [closed]

I posted a related question on the Math.SE, but was directed here where I'm asking an similar but different question. I've been tasked with helping to redesign a math curriculum for an enrichment ...
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### Introduction of the power set as a collection of *labels* or *names* for subsets

The way that naïve set theory is usually presented in undergraduate education is via very concrete examples of sets, often involving non-mathematical elements. When power sets are treated, having a ...
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### Resources for high school teachers about APOS theory

As far as I can find, the major resources available to the layteacher about APOS (Action, Process, Object, Schema) theory refer to "undergraduate" concepts such as group theory and vector spaces (such ...
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### What did math educators think about the transition to widespread classroom use of calculators?

When we have discussions about which technology to include in our classrooms today, we are often somewhat conflicted with many standard arguments and worries being presented on both sides. To help ...
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### Is Calculus Necessary?

That title is a quote from Fred Roberts: Fred Roberts. "Is Calculus Necessary?" Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Mathematical Education. 1980. p.52ff. "Calculus is not ...
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### Quantifying arthmetical skill

Question for a research project: What is the standard way of quantifying a student's skill in arithmetic ranging from having to look up numbers on a times-table to computing large sums in their head ...
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### Studies into the effects of having fewer classes per term

Have there been any studies done into the effect of having fewer classes per term on a student's comprehension of their mathematics course material? Also are there any examples of schools that have ...
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### Math for Social justice curriculum

Recently, a friend of mine who plans to work as a "social-impact consultant" (she is currently a College senior with a background in intro statistics) requested that I offer some kind of curriculum ...
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### Need scientific source to prove the difference between arithmetics/calculus and real mathematical skills

For research about cognitive information retention, I'm trying to find a scientific reference where they explain the difference between the capability to apply real mathematical skills (entailing ...
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### Apply the inverse operation on both sides, or know the inverse function?

My old question here was about logarithms, but as I teach more and more (precalculus) algebra, I've generalized the question a bit in my mind. Should students do the same thing to both sides, or ...
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### Styles of visualization in geometry

Some people talk about visual thinkers and non-visual thinkers, but I am interested in a contrast within styles of visual thinking. There are people who readily visualize complicated flow charts and ...
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### Literature on student understanding of assumptions

In a discussion with a physics lecturer he mentioned that one major area where students fail is understanding assumptions - for example, if we are interested in two objects hitting each other and then ...
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### "Good" and "Bad" student intuitions when teaching and learning mathematics

I'm a college math/science tutor and I'm really interested in STEM education. I'm currently starting work on a project I hope to present in a couple of months at a tutoring conference and I was ...
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### Should we "program" calculus students, like the physicists seem to want us to?

If it is true that we first learn formalism...how to do things that we don't understand, should we regard teaching students mathematics as programming dumb machines with formal rules (to the greatest ...
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### GRE Geometry Reference Request?

My brother is taking the normal GRE (not the math subject test), and I need to help him learn geometry. I know basic geometry myself, but I need a book that will present it well and will have good ...
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### Research on the effects of simulation and interactive visualization

Are there any existing research on the effectiveness of computer simulation and/or interactive visualization for the learning of mathematical concepts? I ask because: There has been some efforts in ...
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