Some people talk about visual thinkers and non-visual thinkers, but I am interested in a contrast within styles of visual thinking. There are people who readily visualize complicated flow charts and other diagrammatic graphics for information, but do not readily picture, say, a Möbius strip or an octahedron (let alone 4 dimensional objects).
I get this from the history of mathematics where some great examples (Richard Dedekind, Emmy Noether, Alexander Grothendieck) at first seem to be non-visual thinkers. They would seem to be algebra people rather than geometry people in terms of this question: Evidence for or against the claim that some students are "algebra people" and others are "geometry people" Yet each made great, explicit, deliberate contributions to geometry.
So I wonder if they are better described as visual in a different way than spatial visualization. Certainly Grothendieck made vast use of diagrams which are not really spatial diagrams (albeit they can be drawn on a blackboard). They are diagrams of conceptual relations.
Mathematics educators may know a lot more about this than I do, so I will not try to be more precise, unless people ask for that in comments.
My question is: where can I go to learn more about this distinction between different visual thinking/learning styles?